Herbert Hoover

(1874-1964) 31st President of the United States. Hoover took office in 1929, the year the American economy plummeted into the Great Depression. Unfortunately Hoover failed the grasp the direness of the economic crisis and as a result, he was blamed by many for failing to leverage the power of the American government to address the problem. As such, he was soundly defeated for re-election by Franklin D. Roosevelt.